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An important report into a problem that should have been sorted years ago, no excuse, no toleration.


Article in Higher Education Quarterly reviewing changes in governance of universities across Europe.

Capano, G. and Pritoni, A. (2018) ‘Varieties of hybrid systemic governance in European Higher Education’, Higher Education Quarterly, (June), pp. 1–19. doi: 10.1111/hequ.12180.


This is a useful summary of models of governance emerging in Europe.  Rather than assuming the move towards a common system of governance the steering at a distance/ supervisory/supermarket model the authors argue that in response to diverse government interventions there are hybrid models which are developing – they categorise as:

  • The performance-oriented mode – England and Italy
  • Re-regulated mode – Austria, Ireland, France, Greece, Portugal, Italy, The Netherlands
  • Systematic Goal-orientated mode – Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands


This seems a promising way of analysing current trends.